Popular artists ifueling illegal tranquiliser use
Popular rap artists like Eminem are fueling tranquiliser use, investigation suggests
Celebrity culture is thought to be to blame for the rise in Xanax's illicit use.
Eminem's 2010 hit 'I'm have a relapse' containing the lyrics: 'I get these panic attacks, pop a Xanax, relax'.
In Drake's hit 'Two birds one stone' he raps about the actor Kid Cudi's, his nemesis, drug use, saying: 'You stay xanned [Xanax] and perked [Percocet] up so when reality set in you don’t gotta face it'.
Rapper Lil Peep, who is believed to have accidentally overdosed on Fentanyl and Xanax last November also sang: 'I found some Xanax in my bed, I took that s***, went back to sleep' in his song 'Praying to the Sky'.
Xanax, which treats anxiety and insomnia, is not permitted in the UK as the NHS claims cheaper alternatives are available, however, the assumption the drug is safe is believed to be encouraging a Transatlantic black market.
Benzodiazepine, also known as 'benzos', typically cause users to build up a drug tolerance within weeks, resulting in them craving ever larger doses to get the 'hit' they desire.
Withdrawal symptoms can include anxiety, panic attacks and even hallucinations.
In January, Police Scotland issued an alert after more than 20 Xanax-related deaths occurred, which it called a 'national issue that also extends into other parts of the UK'.
In Drake's hit 'Two birds one stone' he raps about the actor Kid Cudi's, his nemesis, Xanax use
Rapper Lil Peep, who died from a believed Xanax overdose, also sang about the drug
Children as young as 13 are illegally buying the anti-anxiety medication Xanax on social media sites such Instagram, Facebook, and Snapchat, a charity warned in February 2018.
Online dealers are openly advertising the drug for as little as 25p to teenagers alongside pictures of pills piled high and boasts of next day delivery.
Experts have warned Xanax, which is 20 times stronger than Valium, is becoming increasingly popular among teenagers.
It is often glamourised in US rap music and is said to be rife among grammar schools where pupils are self-diagnosing anxiety disorders due to the high pressure they find themselves under.
The charity Addaction branded such social media sites ‘unpoliceable’ after seeing a dramatic rise in drugs being advertised and sold over their platforms in the past six months.
On February 14, there were more than 3,700 Instagram posts captioned with the hashtag ‘xanaxforsale’.
Last year, Border Force seized the equivalent of 25 million counterfeit pills, compared to 860,989 in the previous 24 months.
The BBC investigation suggested that two online sellers, who go under the names Hulked Benzo Boss and UKBenzos, flooded the market, pushing packs of 1,000 pills alongside explanations for dealers on how to make profits from drug sales.
Last month, six schoolgirls in Wandsworth, south London, were taken to hospital after suffering Xanax-related complications.
A 16-year-old from the capital city told The Times: 'It's cheap and easy to get and its the new thing. It's not as dangerous as MDMA and those sorts of drugs.
'People know you can get Xanax on prescription in the US and it wouldn't be on prescription if it was going to kill you.
'It makes you feel happy and high and then forget everything.'
Withdrawal symptoms can include anxiety, panic attacks and even hallucinations (stock)
This comes after a cannabis researcher claimed in December last year grime music is fueling the use of skunk due to artists referencing the drug in their chart-topping songs.
Ian Hamilton, based at York University, warned the popular music genre contains hundreds of lyrics glorifying the class-B drug.
Speaking exclusively to MailOnline, he described songs featuring mentions of weed, including those by Stormzy, Kano and Wiley, as 'essentially product placement'.
Stormzy, a 23-year-old artist who has 1.07 million followers on Twitter, heavily references cannabis in 'Shut Up' - a tune that saw the Mobo-winner reach number eight in the UK Singles Chart.
Mr Hamilton added that such music 'brands itself quite well to promoting a product' - whether that's Nike, Adidas or even weed.
He said: 'It’s essentially product placement by some of these artists about cannabis and other drugs, and it’s not balanced in any way and not countered by evidence.
'What we definitely know about drug use and young people is that their expectations about the drug and who they are with have huge influence on them.
'Lyrics can plant the seed of an idea, and it’s not an abstract idea, it’s something they do pretty quickly and at low risk.
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March 13, 2018
Sources: Daily Mail
or redistributed. ©2018 FOX News Network, LLC. All rights reserved. All market data delayed 20 minutes.</p><p> Mudry arrived at Bally's via ambulance on Tuesday, and had his bed placed next to a blackjack table where he enjoyed a Coors Light. (iStock) </p><p>Before a stroke prevented him from driving, John Mudry, of New Jersey, would visit Atlantic City up to eight times a month. </p><p>But on Tuesday, with his health rapidly declining due to terminal bladder cancer, it took a hospice bed, a case manager and an ambulance to get him back to his favorite place on earth.</p><p>Once doctors gave him six months to live, Mudry set out to make the most of the time he has left. His wish to sip a beer one last time at Bally’s while hanging at a blackjack table came true on Tuesday thanks to staff at Complete Care at Green Acres and his hospice case manager at Visiting Nurse Association Healthgroup.</p><p>Bally’s staff had asked if there was anything special Mudry wanted once he got to the casino, but he said he just wanted to be like any other gambler on the floor, the news outlet reported.</p><p>This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. ©2018 FOX News Network, LLC. All rights reserved. All market data delayed 20 minutes.</p>
or redistributed. ©2018 FOX News Network, LLC. All rights reserved. All market data delayed 20 minutes.</p><p> In an as-yet-unpublished study by the Institut Marquès assisted-fertility clinic in Spain, fetuses exposed to "Bohemian Rhapsody" — as well as classic jams by Bach and Mozart — showed clear signs of mental stimulation in the womb. (AP) </p><p>When Freddie Mercury sang, "Mama, life had just begun," in the second verse of "Bohemian Rhapsody," he probably didn't have an audience of fetuses in mind. Let's consider it a happy coincidence, then, that unborn babies really do seem to love Queen.</p><p>According to a new, as-yet-unpublished study by the Institut Marquès assisted-fertility clinic in Spain, fetuses exposed to "Bohemian Rhapsody" — as well as classic jams by Bach and Mozart — showed clear signs of mental stimulation in the womb. Songs by Shakira and the Bee Gees, on the other hand, proved much less interesting to the unborn audience.</p><p>Developing babies begin to hear external sounds at a gestational age of about 16 weeks, which is —it's safe to say — far too soon to have read an issue of Rolling Stone. So why should fetuses be such discerning music critics? According to the researchers, it might have something to do with the pitch of the song's sounds or the simplicity of the melody. </p><p>In the new study, which was presented this month at the International Association for Music and Medicine conference in Barcelona, Spain, researchers blasted a variety of tunes for 300 fetuses between 18 and 38 weeks of gestation.</p><p>Using a special intravaginal speaker (babies can't hear much through the mom's abdominal wall), the team played 15 songs for each fetus, ranging from sonatas by Bach and Beethoven, to traditional Spanish Christmas carols, to the hits of Queen, Adele and the Village People.</p><p>While the fetuses listened, the researchers watched for mouth and tongue movements on an ultrasound machine. They hypothesized that the babies who moved their mouths or tongues in response to the music were having the language centers of their brains stimulated and perhaps were learning to communicate back.</p><p>Overall, the fetuses seemed more stimulated by classical music than pop or rock. Ninety-one percent of the babies showed mouth movements, and 73 percent stuck out their tongues when Mozart's "A Little Night Music" played. Melodies by Bach, Prokofiev and Strauss all got more than 80 percent of the fetuses flapping their itty-bitty gums.</p><p>More than 80 percent of the fetuses responded to traditional drumbeats from Africa, a mantra from India and a Christmas carol from Spain. When it came to pop, however, the burgeoning critics were far more discerning. Their favorite song was, of course, "Bohemian Rhapsody" (90 percent of babies moved their mouths, and 40 percent stuck out their tongues), followed by the Village People's "Y.M.C.A."</p><p>Songs by Adele, the Bee Gees and Shakira impressed 60 percent or less of the fetuses.</p><p>Besides, fetuses can't hear much over the constant noise of their mothers' hard-working bodies, anyway. The real musical education begins after birth — you know, when baby is really able to rock out.</p><p>This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. ©2018 FOX News Network, LLC. All rights reserved. All market data delayed 20 minutes.</p>
or redistributed. ©2018 FOX News Network, LLC. All rights reserved. All market data delayed 20 minutes.</p><p> Olivia Stoy was first diagnosed with cancer when she was 12. (GoFundMe) </p><p>An Indiana 14-year-old has raised just under half of the $350,000 she needs to cover a bone marrow transplant that doctors say is critical to her cancer treatment. </p><p>Stoy and her supporters were devastated to learn that a lingering cold was actually the cancer’s return in March, and she has resumed her chemotherapy treatment.</p><p>Doctors said she would need a bone marrow transplant this time in order to be saved. Her brother was found to be a perfect match, but the family’s insurance company said it will not cover the $900,000 procedure, according to Stoy’s GoFundMe page.</p><p>“I know that we’ll reach it and I’m just so thankful for what everyone’s doing,” Stoy told WSVN. “I’m looking forward to just being more active and getting back to the life that I had.”</p><p>Stoy hopes that once she reaches her goal, she can use leftover funds to help other kids facing similar hurdles. </p><p>"I can understand their situation and i think it would be really nice," she told WTHR. "And also I just want to give back for everything everyone has done for me already." </p><p>This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. ©2018 FOX News Network, LLC. All rights reserved. All market data delayed 20 minutes.</p>
er they are put on ventilators. Doctors are beginning to wonder if the procedure should be used so often. </p><p>Earlier this year, an ambulance brought a man in his 80s to the emergency room at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston. He had metastatic lung cancer; his family had arranged for hospice care at home. </p><p>“As soon as I met them, his son said, ‘Put him on a breathing machine,’” recalled Dr. Kei Ouchi, an emergency physician and researcher at the hospital. </p><p>Hospice patients know that they’re close to death; they and their families have also been instructed that most distressing symptoms, like shortness of breath, can be eased at home.</p><p>But the son kept insisting, “Why can’t you put him on a breathing machine?”</p><p>Dr. Ouchi, lead author of a new study of how older people fare after emergency room intubation, knew this would be no simple decision. </p><p>“I went into emergency medicine thinking I’d be saving lives. I used to be very satisfied putting patients on a ventilator,” he told me in an interview. </p><p>But he began to realize that while intubation is indeed lifesaving, most older patients came to the E.R. with serious illnesses. “They sometimes have values and preferences beyond just prolonging their lives,” he said.</p><p>Often, he’d see the same people he’d intubated days later, still in the hospital, very ill, even unresponsive. “Many times, a daughter would say, ‘She would never have wanted this.’”</p><p>But, he said, “I was never trained to talk to patients or their families about what this means.”</p><p>Of potentially greater importance to elderly patients — who so often declare they’d rather die than spend their lives in nursing homes — are the discharge statistics. </p><p>After intubation, 31 percent of patients ages 65 to 74 survive the hospitalization and return home. But for 80- to 84-year-olds, that figure drops to 19 percent; for those over age 90, it slides to 14 percent.</p><p>At the same time, the mortality rate climbs sharply, to 50 percent in the eldest cohort from 29 percent in the youngest.</p><p>All intubated patients proceed to intensive care, most remaining sedated because intubation is uncomfortable. If they were conscious, patients might try to pull out the tubes or the I.V.’s delivering nutrition and medications. They cannot speak. </p><p>Intubation “is not a walk in the park,” Dr. Ouchi said. “This is a significant event for older adults. It can really change your life, if you survive.”</p><p>Those who underwent intubation had more than twice the mortality risk of other I.C.U. patients. “You don’t get better, most of the time,” said Dr. Ouchi. While outcomes remain hard to predict, “a lot of times, you get worse.”</p><p>A tightfitting mask over the nose and mouth helps patients with certain conditions breathe nearly as well as intubation does. But they remain conscious and can have the mask removed briefly for a sip of water or a short conversation.</p><p>“There are cases where noninvasive ventilation is comparable or even superior to mechanical ventilation,” said Dr. Douglas White, a critical care physician and ethicist at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. </p><p>Dr. Ouchi, for instance, explained to his patient’s distraught son that intubation would thwart his father’s desire to remain communicative. The patient, able to see though not to say much, died four days later in a hospital room with bipap and morphine to reduce his “air hunger.”</p><p>The University of Pittsburgh Medical Center’s health system has begun adopting the program in its 40 I.C.U.s. </p><p>When they do, Dr. Michael Wilson, a critical care physician at the Mayo Clinic, opts for a particularly humane approach. </p><p>“You may later wake up and do fine,” he tells his patient. “Or this may be the last time to communicate with your family,” because intubated patients can’t talk.</p><p>Since setting up intubation generally takes a few minutes, he encourages people to spend them sharing words of comfort, reassurance and affection. Without that pause, “I have stolen the last words from patients,” he told me. </p><p>Dr. Wilson has used this approach about 50 times in his I.C.U., so he has learned what patients and families, given this opportunity, tell one another. </p><p>“It’s nearly always, ‘I love you,’” he said. “‘I hope you do well.’”</p>
f being cancer free today — and she is going to great lengths to keep it that way.</p><p>Speaking to Daily Mail Online, she shared some of the drastic lifestyle changes she has made, which she encourages other people to take up — like getting rid of aluminum cookware and not using antiperspirant — and says that by following these steps, 'slowly but surely you are successfully reducing your risk of getting disease.'</p><p>Such joie de vivre! Fran Drescher talked to Daily Mail Online about the importance of removing toxins from your diet and home in order to reduce one's risk of getting disease </p><p>Wellness: The 60-year-old actress celebrated 18 years of being cancer-free on Thursday</p><p>Fran has spent nearly two decades speaking out about cancer prevention and education, founding the Cancer Schmancer movement and advising other people to be smart about decreasing their chances of getting sick.</p><p>'What we say at Cancer Schmancer is: Take control of your body. Transform from being a patent to a medical consumer. Understand that how you live equals how you feel,' she said.</p><p>Addressing the first part, she went on: 'You are what you eat. So we have to steer clear of industrial farmed foods, which are laden with all different kinds of chemicals and nothing is grown pristinely.'</p><p>Fran eats an almost entirely organic diet, explaining plainly: 'If you eat a strawberry that isn’t organic you might as well be eating a sponge soaked in pesticide.'</p><p>It's not just food, either. The star avoids putting just about anything in or on her body that can be considered toxic.</p><p>'If toothpaste says do not swallow, then do not use. Toothpaste should be the equivalent of food,' she advises. 'Do not use antiperspirant. The act of perspiring in the human body is a way to detox. Use deodorant, not antiperspirant.'</p><p>She's not the first person to warn against antiperspirants, which use aluminum-based compounds to stop sweat. Gwyneth Paltrow's website Goop has published whole guides on non-toxic deodorants — but scientific studies have had inclusive results on whether antiperspirants actually lead to cancer.</p><p>For the cause: Her 2002 book, Cncer Schmancer, was a New York Times bestseller, and she has made it her mission to educate people about prevention and early diagnosis</p><p>For Fran, it's about eliminating any possible risk — so she also encourages people to detox their homes. </p><p>'Stop using aluminium foil, aluminium pans, stop using your microwave, cordless phones,' she said. 'Shut your WiFi off when you go to sleep. </p><p>'Let your brain regenerate without the interference of electromagnetic fields.'</p><p>Unfortunately, there are lots of bad-for-you products on the market that need to be avoided — but Fran feels confident companies would stop selling them if consumers would send them a message.</p><p>'We need to exercise mindful consumerism, because all roads lead to Rome, and Rome is the systemic malignancy of greed,' she said. 'So you have to hit them where they live. If everyone stopped buying colas today, they’d stop making it.'</p><p>Be mindful! Fran advises turning off WiFi at night, not using cordless phones, ditching aluminum foil and antiperspirant, and just generally paying attention to the products you use</p><p>Flashback: It took Fran two years and eight doctors to get a proper diagnosis of uterine cancer (pictured in 1999)</p><p>She added that people 'can awaken to this injustice, to this megalomaniacal greed to the point of sociopathy. And you start using your purchasing power to not only detox your home, to make your vote and your protest with where you put your dollars, but also to dictate more responsible manufacturing trends. Because as they get richer, our health gets poorer.'</p><p>Prevention is just one part of staying healthy. The star also tackled what to do when you start feeling ill — and that's trust your gut and do your research. </p><p>'We need to know what the early warning whispers are of the cancer that might affect us, and know the tests that are available,' she said.</p><p>Fran herself waited two years to get a proper diagnosis of uterine cancer, and had to see eight different doctors before one finally ran the proper tests.</p><p>'Because most women with uterine cancer are post-menopausal or obese, and I was neither, they decided I must be perimenopausal, and they didn't give me the simple in-office biopsy that would have told them it was cancer.'</p><p>Perimenopause is the transitional period before a woman goes through menopause, which usually starts in her 40s but can start as early as her 30s. The body produces less estrogen, which can lead to symptoms similar to those of menopause. </p><p>'For two years, the doctors kept trying different things to help me with my symptoms and said it was perimenopause. The last doctor even gave me hormone replacement therapy that had estrogen in it, which is like poison if you have uterine cancer — and that's when it all started to unfold with greater clarity.'</p><p>Luckily, her cancer was still Stage I when it was caught, and by June 21, 2000 she was officially in remission. </p><p>Hit show: Fran created and starred in The Nanny from 1993 to 1999</p><p>'I was lucky because my cancer happened to be slow-growing. But ovarian cancer is often misdiagnosed as IBS. They say it’s a silent killer but it’s not, there are always whispers,' she said. </p><p>Tickets on sale now! On Monday, she'll be hosting a cruise that will raise money for Cancer Schmancer, which is dedicated to early detection, prevention, and policy change</p><p>'I think that doctors in general are bludgeoned by Big Business health insurance to go the least expensive route of diagnostic testing.</p><p>'So they tend to subscribe to the philosophy that if you hear hooves galloping, don’t look for a zebra, it's probably a horse. And therein lies the rub of why people often get most diagnosed, because at cancer’s earliest stage, it often mimics a far more benign problem.'</p><p>She wants people to know that though certain symptoms may mean something benign, they could also be an early sign of something more serious — so if being treated for the less-serious illness shows no results, it's worth seeking out more information.</p><p>Fran's continuing her work educating and helping people through Cancer Schmancer quite a bit in the coming days.</p><p>The cruise will include cocktails, food, and performances by stars of Hollywood and Broadway, including Andrea McArdle, Ann Hampton Callaway (who wrote and sang the theme song for The Nanny), Spencer Day, Stephanie Gibson, Ilene Graff, Kim Gravel, Peter Marc Jacobson (Fran's ex-husband), Will & Anthony Nunziata, Christiani Pitts, and Randy Roberts.</p><p>Fran will also speak and tell jokes, and proceeds from tickets (which are on sale now) will benefit Cancer Schmancer, which is dedicated to early detection, prevention, and policy change.</p><p> The views expressed in the contents above are those of our users and do not necessarily reflect the views of MailOnline. </p><p>Do you want to automatically post your MailOnline comments to your Facebook Timeline?</p><p>Your comment will be posted to MailOnline as usual.</p><p>Do you want to automatically post your MailOnline comments to your Facebook Timeline?</p><p> We will automatically post your comment and a link to the news story to your Facebook timeline at the same time it is posted on MailOnline. To do this we will link your MailOnline account with your Facebook account. We’ll ask you to confirm this for your first post to Facebook.</p><p>Part of the Daily Mail, The Mail on Sunday & Metro Media Group</p>
e most – and least – prepared for a disease epidemic.</p><p>African countries Chad and Somalia, however, are most vulnerable to a contagious infection spreading through their populations.</p><p>After completing an evaluation process countries are rated on a scale of one to 100, and the higher the score, the safer a country is expected to be in the event of a disease outbreak.</p><p>Australia and South Korea both score 92, the US scores 87, while at the bottom of the heap, Chad and Somalia score just 29. </p><p>Experts say it is only a matter of time before another deadly disease outbreak, and 'the world won't be safe' unless action is taken to prepare. </p><p>The map has been created with the help of former director of US health organisation the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and funding from Bill Gates.</p><p>The map has not yet assessed all countries – there is no rating for the UK – but its creators say nearly 100 countries will be mapped by the end of the year.</p><p>According to data so far, only 14 per cent of countries are prepared to tackle a disease epidemic. </p><p>Countries are judged on 19 measures of how prepared they are, which include the quality of their disease surveillance systems, their labs, and the country's communication and co-ordination centres.</p><p>An epidemic occurs when a disease suddenly infects a large proportion of the population and is spread from person-to-person. </p><p>A recent example is the devastating Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa from 2014 to 2016, which was reported to have killed more than 11,000 people. </p><p>It can take just 36 hours for a disease to spread from a single community to any country in the world, experts say. </p><p>Australia and South Korea rank the highest in the Prevent Epidemics interactive map, which judges how able countries are to combat an epidemic disease outbreak</p><p>Chad and Somalia scored the lowest on the interactive map – a number of African countries are considered not ready to deal with a disease outbreak</p><p>Dr Tom Frieden, the former director of the CDC, leads the global health organisation Resolve to Save Lives, which created the map and is part-funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. </p><p>He said: 'It's not a matter of if there will be another global epidemic, but when. It's time for the global community and countries to step up and improve preparedness.</p><p>'By the end of this year, nearly 100 countries will have completed a rigorous, transparent assessment of how prepared they are for an epidemic – but there has been too little support from the global community and countries to close life-threatening gaps.'</p><p>The interactive map, which is the first of its kind, scores countries out of 100: 80 or above signals a country is better prepared to cope with an epidemic.</p><p>A score of between 40 and 79 means the country has work to do, and countries with 39 or below are not ready. </p><p>Of the 65 countries which have been evaluated so far, only nine of them (14 per cent) have scored above 80.</p><p>Experts say the information in the map will help countries realised where they are falling short, to improve their preparations. </p><p>Amanda McLelland, who was part of the response to the 2014 Ebola epidemic said: 'The world won’t be safe until we step up by mobilizing and effectively using global, country, and local resources – including money and trained, supported public health staff. </p><p>'How can we prevent a child in Ukraine from contracting measles, or a nurse in Sub-Saharan Africa from getting Ebola?</p><p>'Our website not only communicates the risk that epidemics will not be effectively managed at the country level, but, most importantly, encourages action to reduce these risks.' </p><p>A current outbreak of Ebola is ongoing in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, which has killed at least 28 people. Although the situation has settled, the head of the World Health Organisation says it is not over. </p><p>Dr Tedros Adhanom admitted the situation in the African nation has 'stabilised' - but claimed cases of the deadly virus could easily spark up again.</p><p>His comments come after WHO figures revealed earlier this month that new cases of Ebola are appearing, despite efforts to contain it.</p><p>Officials in the country branded the outbreak a 'public health emergency' when it was first declared in April. All neighbouring countries remain on high alert.</p><p>But international help quickly flooded in to dampen the potential spread of Ebola - considered one of the most lethal viruses in existence.</p><p>Virologists feared the new outbreak was ‘reminiscent’ of the 2014 Ebola pandemic, which decimated West Africa and killed more than 11,000 people. </p><p>Ebola, a haemorrhagic fever, killed at least 11,000 across the world after it decimated West Africa and spread rapidly over the space of two years.</p><p>That pandemic was officially declared over back in January 2016, when Liberia was announced to be Ebola-free by the WHO.</p><p>The country, rocked by back-to-back civil wars that ended in 2003, was hit the hardest by the fever, with 40 per cent of the deaths having occurred there.</p><p>Sierra Leone reported the highest number of Ebola cases, with nearly of all those infected having been residents of the nation.</p><p>An analysis, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, found the outbreak began in Guinea - which neighbours Liberia and Sierra Leone.</p><p>A team of international researchers were able to trace the pandemic back to a two-year-old boy in Meliandou - about 400 miles (650km) from the capital, Conakry.</p><p>Emile Ouamouno, known more commonly as Patient Zero, may have contracted the deadly virus by playing with bats in a hollow tree, a study suggested.</p><p>Figures show nearly 29,000 people were infected from Ebola - meaning the virus killed around 40 per cent of those it struck.</p><p>Cases and deaths were also reported in Nigeria, Mali and the US - but on a much smaller scale, with 15 fatalities between the three nations.</p><p>Health officials in Guinea reported a mysterious bug in the south-eastern regions of the country before the WHO confirmed it was Ebola. </p><p>Ebola was first identified by scientists in 1976, but the most recent outbreak dwarfed all other ones recorded in history, figures show.</p><p>Scientists believe Ebola is most often passed to humans by fruit bats, but antelope, porcupines, gorillas and chimpanzees could also be to blame.</p><p>It can be transmitted between humans through blood, secretions and other bodily fluids of people - and surfaces - that have been infected.</p><p>The WHO warns that there is 'no proven treatment' for Ebola - but dozens of drugs and jabs are being tested in case of a similarly devastating outbreak.</p><p>Hope exists though, after an experimental vaccine, called rVSV-ZEBOV, protected nearly 6,000 people. The results were published in The Lancet journal. </p><p>Do you want to automatically post your MailOnline comments to your Facebook Timeline?</p><p>Your comment will be posted to MailOnline as usual.</p><p>Do you want to automatically post your MailOnline comments to your Facebook Timeline?</p><p> We will automatically post your comment and a link to the news story to your Facebook timeline at the same time it is posted on MailOnline. To do this we will link your MailOnline account with your Facebook account. We’ll ask you to confirm this for your first post to Facebook.</p><p>Part of the Daily Mail, The Mail on Sunday & Metro Media Group</p>
m may be normalising obesity, it has been warned, as growing numbers of people fail to realise they are overweight.</p><p>A study of more than 23,000 people has found more than half of men do not recognise they are overweight or obese. </p><p>Almost a third of women underestimate their true weight, compared to under a quarter two decades ago.</p><p>A study of 23,000 people has found more than half of men do not recognise they are overweight or obese - and plus-size clothing, as modeled by Ashley Graham, may be to blame</p><p>The University of East Anglia research found only about half of overweight people were making efforts to slim down, which could put them at greater risk of heart attacks, strokes and type 2 diabetes.</p><p>Study author Dr Raya Muttarak said plus-size clothing ranges, such as Marks & Spencer's Curve range for 'curvy' women sized 18 to 32, may be behind people's denial about their weight.</p><p>She said: 'Seeing the huge potential of the fuller-sized fashion market, retailers may have contributed to the normalisation of being overweight and obese.</p><p>'While this type of body positive movement helps reduce stigmatisation of larger-sized bodies, it can potentially undermine the recognition of being overweight and its health consequences. </p><p>'The increase in weight misperception in England is alarming and possibly a result of this normalisation.'</p><p>There has been a rise on the high street in 'vanity sizing', where dress sizes are inflated for women with larger waists and hips and bigger busts, to flatter them that they wear a smaller size. Experts say this can 'undermine' action to lose weight.</p><p>The study analysed the Health Survey for England, to find the answers of 23,459 people asked whether they were about the right weight, too heavy or too light.</p><p>The results, analysed for five years between 1997 and 2015, show the proportion of overweight men in denial has leapt from 48.4 per cent to 57.9 per cent in that period. </p><p>Curvy models such as Ashley Graham and Candice Huffine are helping to shake up the fashion industry and our ideas of beauty.</p><p>And last summer science confirmed that their refusal to conform to ideal body standards is actually good for us.</p><p>Women experience a boost in their mental health after seeing plus size models compared to underweight ones, research found.</p><p>And furthermore, women are more likely to pay attention to and remember models who reflect realistic body shapes and sizes too.</p><p>It's a point the fashion industry – criticised for pedalling unrealistic body images – should take on board, said researchers from Florida State University.</p><p>At the same time, the proportion of overweight women misjudging their weight has jumped from 24.5 per cent to 30.6 per cent.</p><p>The study, published in the journal Obesity, says the normalisation of being large has become 'widespread' in England, with men most likely to ignore their weight problem.</p><p>On the Marks & Spencer range, Dr Muttarak wrote: 'By introducing a new design and styling tailored for plus-size customers and using carefully selected fabrics complementing fuller figures, Curve primarily contributes to promoting body positivity.</p><p>'While this type of body-positive movement helps reduce stigmatisation of larger-sized bodies, it can potentially undermine the recognition of being overweight and its health consequences.'</p><p>Among people who were overweight and obese, 38.5 per cent of men and 17.2 per cent of women thought they were 'about the right weight'. The proportion of obese men misperceiving their weight in 2015 was almost double that seen in 1997.</p><p>People who underestimated their weight were 85 per cent less likely to try to lose it, with only 51.8 per cent of those who were overweight in the study telling the Health Survey they were trying to shed the pounds.</p><p>Almost two-thirds of adults in Britain are overweight or obese, with the study focusing on those with a body mass index (BMI) of 25 or over, classed as overweight, and of 30 or over, classed as obese.</p><p>Dr Muttarak, a senior lecturer in UEA's School of International Development, said: 'Identifying those prone to misperceiving their weight can help in designing obesity-prevention strategies targeting the specific needs of different groups.'</p><p>Do you want to automatically post your MailOnline comments to your Facebook Timeline?</p><p>Your comment will be posted to MailOnline as usual.</p><p>Do you want to automatically post your MailOnline comments to your Facebook Timeline?</p><p> We will automatically post your comment and a link to the news story to your Facebook timeline at the same time it is posted on MailOnline. To do this we will link your MailOnline account with your Facebook account. We’ll ask you to confirm this for your first post to Facebook.</p><p>Part of the Daily Mail, The Mail on Sunday & Metro Media Group</p>
a mosquito virus that previously only affected animals, a new study warns.</p><p>The Keystone virus, first identified in Tampa in 1964, is spread by Florida's Aedes atlanticus mosquitoes - a cousin of the mosquito that spreads Zika.</p><p>But it took more than a year of tests to pinpoint Keystone as the cause of the boy's fever and full-body rash. </p><p>It took more than a year to diagnose the Florida boy. The Keystone virus, first identified in Tampa in 1964, is spread by Aedes atlanticus mosquitoes - a cousin of the mosquito that spreads Zika</p><p>'We screened this with all the standard approaches and it literally took a year and a half of sort of dogged laboratory work to figure out what this virus was.' </p><p>The boy was at band camp in northern Florida in the summer of 2016 when he came down with a severe fever and rash.</p><p>While doctors suspected a bite might be involved, he tested negative for every virus on their battery of tests.</p><p>The mystery led to a year of investigations, sending samples to experts in the region.</p><p>Dr Morris said that it is a virus that Floridians should now be wary of. </p><p>It is part of a group of viruses that cause encephalitis, inflammation of the brain which can lead to seizures and hallucination. </p><p>However, he said that he suspects there may have been many other cases in humans, just that they were left undiagnosed.</p><p>Do you want to automatically post your MailOnline comments to your Facebook Timeline?</p><p>Your comment will be posted to MailOnline as usual.</p><p>Do you want to automatically post your MailOnline comments to your Facebook Timeline?</p><p> We will automatically post your comment and a link to the news story to your Facebook timeline at the same time it is posted on MailOnline. To do this we will link your MailOnline account with your Facebook account. We’ll ask you to confirm this for your first post to Facebook.</p><p>Part of the Daily Mail, The Mail on Sunday & Metro Media Group</p>
deadly cancer linked to extensive use of talc sold by popular high street brands.</p><p>Many victims are unaware that their diagnosis of life-threatening cancers could be linked to ingredients of the commonly used product, he argues.</p><p>US victims have already sued talc manufacturers for millions after getting ovarian cancer or asbestos-related mesothelioma, and now UK victims could follow suit. </p><p>Mr Gower, of Simpson Millar solicitors, has teamed up with a US attorney, who has a string of court victories for women with talc-related cancer under his belt.</p><p>The news comes after a New Jersey investment banker was awarded $117 million (£88m) in damages in April after developing mesothelioma through asbestos dust in Johnson and Johnson talcum powders.</p><p>There have been thousands of lawsuits filed against Johnson & Johnson and other companies claiming that the talcum powder causes cancer</p><p>Mr Gower, who estimates thousands of British men and women have been affected, told MailOnline: 'It's a massive scandal and is only going to get bigger. </p><p>'There is a big problem out there. So far we are just scratching the surface. This is a ticking timebomb.' </p><p>'We believe many women were unaware that using talcum powder could have been bad for them and some of them are now seriously ill. </p><p>'Others have unfortunately died and their families only found out about the potential link afterwards.'</p><p>Mr Gower, an expert on asbestos related mesothelioma - heavily linked to the use of talc, added: 'People are rightly worried and concerned. </p><p>'It was an incredibly popular product among women just a few decades ago and now unfortunately they and their children are paying the price. </p><p>'They should have been told about the risks but they were kept in the dark.</p><p>Talcum powder is made from talc, a soft mineral found in deposits often located near asbestos deposits.</p><p>Studies have shown that there is a risk of cross-contamination during mining.</p><p>Exposure to asbestos fibers has been linked to mesothelioma, an aggressive cancer that develops in the lining of the lungs, abdomen or heart. </p><p>But this potentially toxic ingredient was gradually phased out in the 1980s, due to improved mining techniques.</p><p>Affected brands linked to cases of ovarian cancer and mesothelioma were used by British women in the sixties and seventies as part of their daily beauty regime. </p><p>Joanne Anderson, 66, who claimed she used the baby powder frequently to keep her hands and feet dry for bowling, was diagnosed with mesothelioma, a form of cancer linked to asbestos exposure (pictured with her husband Gary)</p><p>Johnson & Johnson was hit in May by yet another multi-million dollar jury verdict in favor of a woman who said asbestos in its talcum baby powder gave her cancer.</p><p>Deborah Giannecchini, of Modesto, California was diagnosed with the disease in 2012 and accused the company of 'negligent conduct'</p><p>Joanne Anderson, 66, who claimed she used the baby powder frequently to keep her hands and feet dry for bowling, was diagnosed with mesothelioma, a form of cancer linked to asbestos exposure.</p><p>Mrs Anderson, who lives in Williams, Oregon, is one of thousands of people with court cases brought against Johnson & Johnson over talc powder.</p><p>A Los Angeles court awarded $4 million (£3m) in punitive damages to Anderson and her husband after getting $21.7 million (£16m) in compensatory damages.</p><p>And in October 2016, a jury awarded a woman $70 million (£53m) in damages against Johnson & Johnson after the woman claimed talcum powder caused her ovarian cancer.</p><p>Deborah Giannecchini, of Modesto, California was diagnosed with the disease in 2012 and accused the company of 'negligent conduct' in making and and marketing the baby powder.</p><p>The lawsuit claimed Mrs Giannecchini contracted the disease after using baby powder in an intimate area.</p><p>To date, brands that have been subject to successful legal action in the US include the market leader Johnson and Johnson's baby powder.</p><p>Old Spice, Desert Flower and Friendship Garden have also had to pay out. Other major brands from the era are also believed to have sold contaminated talcs and have court cases pending. </p><p>US-based attorney Brendan Tully of Phillips Paolicelli attorneys has now teamed up with Mr Gower to help British victims and their families.</p><p>He was the first attorney to successfully highlight the cancer link in New York State and win a case against a talcum powder company for asbestos related cancer.</p><p>Mr Tully won his 76-year-old client Joan Robusto - who died of mesothelioma $7 million (£5.4m) in compensation from talc supplier Whitaker Clark and Daniels.</p><p>The firm's powder product went into brands such as Old Spice, Desert Flower and Friendship Garden. </p><p>Mr Tully has also won a string of out of court settlements in the US for numerous other women and is now planning similar actions for UK victims. </p><p>Johnson & Johnson is currently facing 6,610 talc-related lawsuits.</p><p>The majority of the cases are based on claims that the company failed to warn women about the risk of developing ovarian cancer by using its products for feminine hygiene.</p><p>In the past two years Johnson & Johnson has been found liable in at least seven lawsuits related to its talcum powder products.</p><p>In August, an Alabama woman who claimed the products gave her ovarian cancer was awarded $72 million (£54m).</p><p>In a similar case in November a California woman was awarded $417 million (£314m) but a judge later reversed the ruling in favor of Johnson & Johnson.</p><p>In five trials in Missouri, juries found the company liable four times and awarded the plaintiffs a total of $307 million (£231m).</p><p>Johnson & Johnson is seeking to reverse those verdicts.</p><p>He said: 'These women deserve justice. They have been using these products unaware of the potential risks. </p><p>'Many of these products were shipped to the UK from America with no health warnings on their packaging.' </p><p>'This is a worldwide problem that affected people across the globe.' </p><p>The majority of the cases have involved women contracting ovarian cancer and have been against market leader Johnson and Johnson for their baby powder. But a string of others have been for asbestos related cancer.</p><p>More than 7,000 women in the UK were diagnosed with cancer of the ovaries in 2015. Cases are highest in women aged between 75 and 79. </p><p>The American Cancer Society warns it isn't clear whether talc products increase a person's cancer risk.</p><p>But the International Agency for Research on Cancer - a branch of the World Health Organization - classifies talc that contains asbestos as 'carcinogenic to humans'.</p><p>And Professor Paul Pharoah, an epidemiologist at Cambridge University, doesn't see a strong link between talc and ovarian cancer.</p><p>He said; 'The evidence of a causal association between genital talc use and ovarian cancer risk is weak.'</p><p>But studies have repeatedly shown the opposite in recent years.</p><p>Harvard University researchers found in 2008 that women who used talcum powders every day were 40 per cent more likely develop ovarian cancer.</p><p>They studied 3,000 women and found using talc once a week raised their risk of cancer by 36 per cent, rising to 41 per cent for those using it every day.</p><p>Dr Maggie Gates, who led the study published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention, urged women to stop using talc until further research is complete.</p><p>Dr Daniel Cramer, an epidemiologist at Harvard University and consultant for one of the trials against Johnson & Johnson, has found similar links.</p><p>Since 1982, he has published a number of studies on the potential links between talc and ovarian cancer. They show some talcum powders raise the risk by 30 per cent.</p><p>Mesothelioma is a type of cancer that develops in the lining that covers the outer surface of some of the body's organs. It's usually linked to asbestos exposure.</p><p>It mainly affects the lining of the lungs (pleural mesothelioma), although it can also affect the lining of the tummy (peritoneal mesothelioma), heart or testicles.</p><p>More than 2,600 people are diagnosed with the condition each year in the UK. Most cases are diagnosed in people aged 60-80 and men are affected more commonly than women.</p><p>Unfortunately it's rarely possible to cure mesothelioma, although treatment can help control the symptoms.</p><p>The symptoms of mesothelioma tend to develop gradually over time. They typically don't appear until several decades after exposure to asbestos.</p><p>Mesothelioma is almost always caused by exposure to asbestos, a group of minerals made of microscopic fibres that used to be widely used in construction.</p><p>These tiny fibres can easily get in the lungs, where they get stuck, damaging the lungs over time. It usually takes a while for this to cause any obvious problems, with mesothelioma typically developing more than 20 years after exposure to asbestos.</p><p>The use of asbestos was completely banned in 1999, so the risk of exposure is much lower nowadays. However, materials containing asbestos are still found in many older buildings.</p><p>Do you want to automatically post your MailOnline comments to your Facebook Timeline?</p><p>Your comment will be posted to MailOnline as usual.</p><p>Do you want to automatically post your MailOnline comments to your Facebook Timeline?</p><p> We will automatically post your comment and a link to the news story to your Facebook timeline at the same time it is posted on MailOnline. To do this we will link your MailOnline account with your Facebook account. We’ll ask you to confirm this for your first post to Facebook.</p><p>Part of the Daily Mail, The Mail on Sunday & Metro Media Group</p>
ulosis for 100 years might help people with diabetes.</p><p>Researchers said Monday that a few diabetics who got the vaccine had much better control of their blood sugar after eight years than people who did not get it.</p><p>It’s a small study and many experts are skeptical about it. But if the results hold up in more people over time, it could point to a cheap and easy way to help keep people with type-1 diabetes healthy.</p><p>The team at Massachusetts General Hospital has been testing the bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine, used to prevent tuberculosis and to treat some forms of bladder cancer.</p><p>Tests in animals had indicated that it might help fight the immune system mistakes that cause type-1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes. It’s caused when the body mistakenly destroys the cells in the pancreas that make insulin, forcing patients to carefully monitor their blood sugar for life and to inject insulin as needed.</p><p>This team in the lab of Dr. Denise Faustman has been following 282 people, including 52 diabetics who got the vaccine.</p><p>“We still have to use insulin, but we’re finally able to get to the nearly normal range,” Faustman said. “Nobody’s been able to do that before.”</p><p>It takes three years for the vaccine's benefits to kick in, and people need two doses, a month apart, to benefit, the team found. But after that, the patients did not receive any more extra treatment.</p><p>They researchers will also present their findings to a meeting of the American Diabetes Association in Orlando.</p><p>The vaccine does not appear to work in the way the research team initially thought it would. It does not cause the damaged pancreatic cells to regenerate, they found.</p><p>Instead, it appears to change the way the body metabolizes sugar. And it appears to do so safely, they said.</p><p>“BCG treatment does not carry the risk of hypoglycemia as is the case for intense insulin therapy,” they wrote.</p><p>The research has been controversial from the beginning and diabetes experts are reluctant to say much about it.</p><p>“If a simple and safe BCG vaccination could improve glucose control in Type-1 diabetes it would be a major advance. Unfortunately this study does not give any strong evidence to say this is the case,” said Andrew Hattersley of the University of Exeter Medical School in Britain.</p><p>The patients also continued their normal self-care, watching their blood sugar levels and giving themselves insulin as needed.</p><p>“This could be something that happened by chance because people were a bit more diligent or leaner or more compliant with diet,” said Dr. Adrian Vella, an endocrinologist at the Mayo Clinic.</p><p>The team is recruiting more people with type-1 diabetes for more research to see if the effects can be seen in more people.</p><p>Controlling blood sugar is crucial in type-1 diabetes. Normally, the pancreas does this with insulin but people with type-1 diabetes don’t make insulin any more.</p><p>If blood sugar gets too high, it damages blood vessels, leading to organ damage and damage to the hands and feet, as well as blindness. If it falls too low, people can fall into coma and even die.</p><p>An estimated 3 million Americans have type-1 diabetes, which differs from the far more common type-2 diabetes linked with poor diet and too little exercise. There is no cure, although transplants of pancreatic cells can help.</p>